Get this from a library cardiovascular disorders in hemodialysis 14th international course on hemodialysis vicenza may 2005 claudio ronco. Cardiovascular disease cvd is a most common complication and a chief cause of death in patients with end stage renal disease esrd accounting for 45 to 50 of causes of death in esrd patients in esrd patients mortality due to cvd is 1030 times higher than in the general population 80 patients on maintenance homodialysis mhd had . The incidence of cardiovascular disease is approximately 25 65 in patients with chronic kidney disease and it may increase 20 to 40 fold in dialysis patients compared with the healthy population 1 several factors increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortal ciated with increased release of neurotransmitters and ity among patients with end stage renal disease esrd vasoactive substances that may have a permissive or di with cardiac disease alone accounting for 40 of deaths rect effect on cardiomyocyte growth 17 18 lvh is both 1 2
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